Temozolomide low-dose chemotherapy in newly diagnosed low-grade gliomas: activity, safety, and long-term follow-up

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy and toxicity of an extended schedule of temozolomide (50 mg/mq 1 week on/1 week off) in a population of newly diagnosed low-grade gliomas (LGG). METHODS: Primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) at 12 and 24 months and response rate evaluated with Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Criteria. Secondary endpoints were clinical benefit (reduction of seizures frequency), reduction of steroid, and modifications of Karnofsky Performance Status. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2009, we enrolled 14 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed LGG: 8 grade II astrocytomas, 2 oligodendroglioma, and 4 oligo-astrocytoma. Temozolomide was administered for 18 cycles (mean) per patient (range 3-24 cycles). In 57.5% (n = 8), we observed stable disease, 28.5% (n = 4) presented a minor response, and 14% (n = 2) showed progression. Five patients presented early progression during the first year of treatment and the study was stopped. A relevant clinical benefit was observed in 85% of patients (seizure control). After 6 years of follow-up, only 4 patients died. Prolonged PFS was associated with 1p-19q codeletion over 1p-19q intact (35 vs 4 months; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalTumori
Volume103
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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