Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys

Diane Purper-Ouakil, Samuele Cortese, Mathias Wohl, Valérie Aubron, Silvia Orejarena, Gregory Michel, Muriel Asch, Marie Christine Mouren, Philip Gorwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although differential patterns of temperament and character have been documented in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), few studies have investigated relations between these dimensions, clinical features of ADHD, and treatment outcome. Methods: Ninety-five boys with ADHD and 87 controls participated in the study; 88.5% of the referred patients were reassessed after optimal titration of methylphendiate treatment. Results: Compared with controls, boys with ADHD showed a temperament profile of high novelty seeking, low reward dependence, and persistence, as well as low scores on both self-determination and cooperativeness character dimensions. No significant differences were found between subjects with ADHD and controls in harm avoidance. Temperament and character traits were related to specific symptom domains and comorbidity but did not predict global severity of ADHD. Persistent and immature children with ADHD were more likely to experience short-term remission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-292
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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