Temperament, character, and attachment patterns in borderline personality disorder

Andrea Fossati, Deborah Donati, Michela Donini, Liliana Novella, Maria Bagnato, Cesare Maffei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study was to assess the specificity of the association between temperamental vulnerability, character deficits, and Borderline personality disorder (BPD), controlling for the effects of attachment patterns. A total of 44 BPD patients were compared with 98 non-BPD patients with other cluster B Personality Disorder (PD) diagnoses, 39 patients with any cluster A or cluster C PD diagnoses, 70 patients with no PD diagnosis, and 206 nonclinical patients. All patients were administered the Temperament and Character Inventory, the Parental Bonding Instrument, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire. Multivariate and univariate tests showed that BPD patients differed significantly from all control groups on Novelty Seeking and Cooperativeness. These differences remained significant when controlling for the effect of attachment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-402
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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