Objectives. The main goal of this study was to compare the temperamental profile of healthy preterm infants and fullterm infants by maternal ratings. The present study also looked at the effects on temperament of the degree of immaturity at birth by dividing the preterms into two groups: high-risk preterms and low-risk preterms. Method. The mothers completed the Italian Questionnaire on Temperament (ITQ) when the child was 6-12 months old (adjusted age for preterms). The following three groups for data analysis were obtained: high-risk (n = 10) and low- risk preterms (n = 12), and fullterm infants (n = 33). Results. Mothers rated high-risk preterms as having less positive emotions than low-risk preterms and fullterms. No temperamental differences were found between low-risk preterms and fullterms. However, when the ITQ scale correlations were examined separately for each group, low-risk preterm infants displayed a specific temperamental profile. Conclusions. The mothers of high-risk preterm infants perceived their child's temperament as being more difficult than the mothers of low-risk preterms and fullterms. Furthermore, correlational results pointed to a less than optimal pattern of temperament in this group as compared to the control group.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Italian Journal of Pediatrics|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2005|
- Gestational age
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health