Temporal changes in sulphated glycoprotein-2 (clusterin) and ornithine decarboxylase mRNA levels in the rat testis after ethane-dimethane sulphonate-induced degeneration of Leydig cells

A. Frasoldati, M. Zoli, F. F G Rommerts, G. Biagini, M. Faustini Fustini, C. Carani, L. F. Agnati, P. Marrama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Short- (3-24 h) and long-term (4-50 days) changes in sulphated glycogrotein-2 (SGP-2) and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) mRNA levels in the adult rat testis were studied following a single dose of ethane-dimethane sulphonate (EDS), to destroy the Leydig cells. Distribution patterns of SGP-2 and ODC labelling were consistent with prevailing expression of the two transcripts in Sertoli cells and germ cells, respectively. This pattern did not show appreciable changes following EDS administration. No labelling of SGP-2 mRNA was noted in the interstitium of control and EDS-treated rats. This finding indicates that Leydig cell death induced by EDS is not associated with increased SGP-2 mRNA levels, a phenomenon related to apoptotic cell death in many tissues. Semi-quantitative densitometric analysis of the preparations demonstrated differential changes in SGP-2 and ODC mRNA levels in the tubular compartment following EDS treatment. At 6, but not at 3 and 12, h following EDS administration, SGP-2 mRNA levels showed a significant increase, possibly secondary to a direct effect of the alkylating agent on Sertoli cells. A significant decrease in ODC mRNA levels was observed from day 7 to day 28, matching degenerative changes in the seminiferous epithelium. In contrast, a decrease in SGP-2 transcript levels was observed from days 21-35 after treatment. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that SGP-2 mRNA, a putative marker of apoptosis, is not altered in the testicular interstitium during EDS-induced degeneration of Leydig cells. In the tubular compartment, the content of both ODC and SGP-2 mRNAs following EDS administration appears to be dependent mostly on the integrity of the germ cell complement and not to be influenced directly by changes in testosterone levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Andrology
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • EDS
  • Leydig cell
  • ODC
  • SGP-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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