Tacrolimus is a cornerstone in the immunosuppressive therapy of kidney transplantation. The once-daily formulation of tacrolimus has been shown to improve adherence of patients without affecting short-term efficacy. However, long-term proof of once-daily tacrolimus efficacy and safety is still lacking. From January 2009 to November 2013, 170 clinically stable kidney transplant patients were offered to change from the ongoing twice-daily tacrolimus (TDT) formulation to a once-daily tacrolimus (ODT) regimen. Kidney transplant recipients agreeing to the change to be treated with an ODT regimen (n = 105, estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 57.1 ± 1.6 mL/min/1.73 m2) and patients continuing on a TDT formulation (n = 65, eGFR 52.0 ± 2.2 mL/min/1.73 m2) were prospectively followed (median follow-up time 10.4 and 12.6 years in the ODT and TDT groups, respectively, P = not significant). At the end of the follow-up, patients in both groups experienced similar eGFR (50.4 ± 2.2 vs 48.0 ± 2.7 mL/min/1.73 m2 in the ODT and TDT groups, respectively, P = not significant). No differences were observed in biopsy-proven acute rejection, overall graft survival, doubling of serum creatinine, and new onset of proteinuria. The 2 groups also had a comparable rate of death, sepsis, and neoplasia. In conclusion, ODT appears safe and effective in stable kidney graft recipients even 10 years after transplantation. These findings support the use of ODT as a primary tacrolimus formulation in patients with kidney transplantation. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.