Chronic-daily headaches represent a risk factor for drug abuse and misuse. Furthermore, ergotamine or analgesic drug abuse may cause transformation of episodic headaches into chronic forms. Non-pharmacological treatments, such as biofeedback, acupuncture or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), are useful tools in treating these pain syndromes in patients in whom drugs should be avoided due to risk of drug abuse or to the presence of other diseases that do not allow drug administration or to side effects. Best results are obtained if the method is chosen according to pain characteristics, as well as patient compliance and personality traits.
|Translated title of the contribution||Tension headache and non-pharmacological therapy|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology