The -174G/C interleukin-6 polymorphism influences postoperative interleukin-6 levels and postoperative atrial fibrillation. Is atrial fibrillation an inflammatory complication?

Mario Gaudino, Felicita Andreotti, Roberto Zamparelli, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Giuseppe Nasso, Francesco Burzotta, Licia Iacoviello, Maria Benedetta Donati, Rocco Schiavello, Attilio Maseri, Gianfederico Possati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background - It has been suggested that inflammation can have a role in the development of atrial arrhythmias after cardiac surgery and that a genetic predisposition to develop postoperative complications exists. This study was conceived to verify if a potential genetic modulator of the systemic inflammatory reaction to cardiopulmonary bypass (the -174G/C polymorphism of the promoter of the Interleukin-6 gene) has a role in the pathogenesis of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients and Results - In 110 primary isolated coronary artery bypass patients the -174G/C Interleukin-6 promoter gene variant was determined. Interleukin-6, fibrinogen and C-reactive protein plasma levels were determined preoperatively, 24, 48, and 72 hours after surgery and at discharge. Heart rate and rhythm were continuously monitored for the first 36 to 48 hours; daily 12-lead electrocardiograms were performed thereafter until discharge. GG, CT, and CC genotypes were found in 62, 38, and 10 patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis (which included genotype, age, sex, and classical risk factors for AF) identified the GG genotype as the only independent predictor of postoperative AF. The latter occurred in 33.9% of GG versus 10.4% of non-GG patients (hazard ratio 3.25, 95%CI 1.23 to 8.62). AF patients had higher blood levels of Interleukin-6 and fibrinogen after surgery (P

Original languageEnglish
JournalCirculation
Volume108
Issue number10 SUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - Sep 9 2003

Keywords

  • Aortocoronary bypass
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Genetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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