The -374T/a variant of the RAGE gene promoter is associated with clinical restenosis after coronary stent placement

C. Falcone, E. Emanuele, M. P. Buzzi, L. Ballerini, A. Repetto, U. Canosi, I. Mazzucchelli, S. Schirinzi, I. Sbarsi, C. Boiocchi, M. Cuccia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Upregulation of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) may play a crucial role in neointimal formation upon vessel injury. The -374T/A variant of the RAGE gene promoter, which has been associated with an altered expression of the cell-surface receptor, could exert a protective effect toward the development of vascular disease. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of this common genetic variant in the occurrence of clinical in-stent restenosis after coronary stent implantation. The -374T/A polymorphism of the RAGE gene promoter was evaluated by PCR-RFLPs in 267 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent coronary stent implantation and a subsequent coronary angiography 6-9 months later for suspected restenosis. In-stent restenosis was assessed by means of quantitative angiography. Carriers of the -374AA genotype showed a significantly reduced risk of developing restenosis after percutaneous transluminal intervention than non-carriers. To determine whether the protective effect of the homozygous AA genotype toward clinical restenosis was independent of potential confounders, we performed multivariable logistic regression analysis. After allowance for clinical and biochemical risk factors and stent length, the AA genotype remained significantly associated with a reduced prevalence of in-stent restenosis. No relation was evident between the RAGE genotype and established cardiovascular risk factors. In conclusion, the -374AA genotype of the RAGE gene promoter could be associated with a reduced risk of in-stent restenosis after coronary stent implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-777
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volume20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

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Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • RAGE
  • Restenosis
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Falcone, C., Emanuele, E., Buzzi, M. P., Ballerini, L., Repetto, A., Canosi, U., Mazzucchelli, I., Schirinzi, S., Sbarsi, I., Boiocchi, C., & Cuccia, M. (2007). The -374T/a variant of the RAGE gene promoter is associated with clinical restenosis after coronary stent placement. International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, 20(4), 771-777.