4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide is a potent mutagen and carcinogen which induces two main guanine adducts at positions C8 and N2. In ds or ss damaged DNA the ratio C8/N2 adducts is 1:2 and 8-10:1, respectively. In bacteria and yeast 4NQO has been shown to be a base substitution mutagen acting at G residues inducing mainly G to A transitions. We determined the mutational spectrum induced by the 4NQO metabolite, acetoxy-4-aminoquinoline 1-oxide, in the M13lacZ'/E.coli lacZΔM15 α complementation assay using ssDNA. Among 68 Ac-4HAQO induced mutants, G to Pyr transversion was the most frequent base substitution observed. By comparison with dsDNA based systems, our data suggest that dGuo-C8-AQO induces G to Pyr transversions. A mechanism to explain how this lesion may induce transversions is proposed.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Nucleic Acids Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
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