The A-Myb transcription factor is structurally related to the c-myb proto-oncogene and is involved in the control of proliferation and/or differentiation of mature B lymphocytes. We have shown previously by PCR analysis that A-myb is preferentially expressed in CD38+CD39-sIgM- mature B cells. We demonstrate here, using in situ hybridization, that A-myb expression is restricted to the dark zone of human tonsils and lymph nodes. Furthermore, we show that A-Myb expression is cell cycle regulated both in tonsillar B cells and in Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines, being detectable only in the S and G2/M phases of the cell cycle and not in G0/G1 phase. Strong proliferation of resting human B cells induced in vitro by a variety of physiologic signals, including anti-μ, CD40 ligand, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL- 13, IFN-γ, TNF-α, anti-CD19, and anti-CD20, failed to induce A-myb expression, suggesting that proliferation alone is not sufficient for A-myb expression in the absence of induction of a true centroblast phenotype. Finally, we show that differentiation of germinal center B cells in vitro toward either memory or plasma cells is accompanied by rapid down-regulation of A-myb expression. We conclude that A-myb is a marker of centroblasts generated in vivo.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 15 1998|
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