The aim of the study was to evaluate serum acid-labile subunit (ALS) concentrations and their relationship with other parameters of the human ternary IGF-I-binding protein (IGFBP) complex in girls with central precocious puberty (CPP) before and after pharmacological arrest of puberty. We studied serum ALS, free IGF-I, total IGF-I, IGFBP-3 levels and IGFBP-3 protease activity in 13 girls, aged 1.6-7.8 yr (mean, 5.9 ± 2.2), diagnosed as having CPP before and after 6 and 12 months of GnRH analog (GnRHa) therapy. The ALS SD score before treatment was high (1.4 ± 0.72) and decreased significantly after 6 and 12 months of GnRHa therapy [0.4 ± 0.54 (P <0.01) and -0.4 ± 0.61 (P <0.01), respectively]. Serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were also increased before treatment, but both of these factors remained elevated after 6 and 12 months of GnRH-A therapy [IGF-I SD score, 3.20 ± 1.64, 2.92 ± 1.82, and 3.68 ± 1.94 (P = NS), respectively; IGFBP-3 SD score, 1.02 ± 0.53, 0.94 ± 0.68, and 1.22 ± 0.87 (P = NS), respectively]. Serum free IGF-I levels and IGFBP-3 proteolytic activity did not vary significantly from their pretreatment values during GnRHa therapy. In conclusion, serum ALS levels were elevated in girls with CPP and decreased significantly during the first year of GnRHa therapy. Serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels were also increased before therapy, but their levels were not influenced by treatment. The ALS decrease seems to be the sole GH-dependent factor that parallels the decreases in steroid levels and growth velocity during GnRHa therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism