The Activation of Prothrombin Seems to Play an Earlier Role than the Complement System in the Progression of Colorectal Cancer: A Mass Spectrometry Evaluation

Maider Beitia, Paolo Romano, Gorka Larrinaga, Jon Danel Solano-Iturri, Annalisa Salis, Gianluca Damonte, Marco Bruzzone, Marcello Ceppi, Aldo Profumo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second cause of death in men and the third in women. This work deals with the study of the low molecular weight protein fraction of sera from patients who underwent surgery for CRC and who were followed for several years thereafter. MALDI-TOF MS was used to identify serum peptidome profiles of healthy controls, non-metastatic CRC patients and metastatic CRC patients. A multiple regression model was applied to signals preliminarily selected by SAM analysis to take into account the age and gender differences between the groups. We found that, while a signal m/z 2021.08, corresponding to the C3f fragment of the complement system, appears significantly increased only in serum from metastatic CRC patients, a m/z 1561.72 signal, identified as a prothrombin fragment, has a significantly increased abundance in serum from non-metastatic patients as well. The findings were also validated by a bootstrap resampling procedure. The present results provide the basis for further studies on large cohorts of patients in order to confirm C3f and prothrombin as potential serum biomarkers. Thus, new and non-invasive tests might be developed to improve the classification of colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiagn.
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 11 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Activation of Prothrombin Seems to Play an Earlier Role than the Complement System in the Progression of Colorectal Cancer: A Mass Spectrometry Evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this