Introduction: To minimize the severity of bone metastases and to delay their onset, it is important to analyze the underlying biological mechanisms. The present study focused on the link between OP and metastatic cells, with particular attention to osteoblast behavior. Methods: Osteoblasts (OB) were isolated from the trabecular bone of iliac crest of healthy (SHAM) and ovariectomized (OVX) adult female rats and co-cultured with MRMT-1 rat breast carcinoma cells as conditioned medium (CM) or alone (CTR) for 24. h, 7 and 14. days and tested for cell viability, morphology and synthetic activity, i.e. C-terminal procollagen type I, alkaline phosphatase, osteoprotegerin, receptor activator for nuclear factor KB ligand and interleukin-8. Results: Osteoblast morphology showed a reduced organization in the OVX group, in particular in the CM condition. Conversely, the analysis of cell viability revealed significantly higher values in the OVXCM group with respect to the SHAMCM group at all experimental times, whereas the OVXCTR group had significantly lower values at 7 and 14days in comparison to those of the SHAM group. ALP release was significantly lower in the CM condition than that of CTR at all timepoints, and so was procollagen type I at 7 and 14days. The RANKL/OPG ratio showed significantly higher values in OVX osteoblasts in comparison with those of the SHAM group, both in CTR and in CM conditions at each experimental time. Finally, OVXCM showed significantly higher values of IL-8 than those of SHAMCM at 7 and 14days. Conclusions: The results clearly indicate an influence of the metastatic cells on the osteoblastic physiology at different levels: morphology, viability, release of typical proteins, and also IL-8 as a proinflammatory cytokine, especially marked by osteoporosis. Further investigations might highlight the relationship between osteoblasts and breast cancer cells, which might be useful to improve common drugs used against osteoporosis and bone metastases, by enhancing the bone deposition/tumor progression ratio.
- Breast cancer cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism