The acute promyelocytic leukemia-specific PML/RARα fusion protein reduces the frequency of commitment to apoptosis upon growth factor deprivation of GM-CSF-dependent myeloid cells

D. Rogaia, Fr Grignani, F. Grignani, I. Nicoletti, P. G. Pelicci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PML/RARα is the putative transforming sequence of acute promyelocytic leukemias. We investigated the effects of PML/RARα on cell survival by expressing the fusion protein in the growth factor-dependent TF-1 cell line and analyzing the kinetics of cell death after GM-CSF deprivation. Results showed that PML/RARα expression markedly delayed apoptotic cell death (3 weeks vs 1 week) without inducing growth factor independence. Growth factor deprivation caused rapid and massive apoptosis of control TF-1 cells (> 95% apoptotic cells after 4-5 days). Factor-deprived control cells were synchronously and irreversibly committed to apoptosis as shown by their inability to re-enter the cell cycle after GM-CSF re-addition. The percentage of apoptotic cells in the PML/RARα expressing cells was low (approximately 30-35%) and constant over the 4 weeks of factor deprivation. GM-CSF re-addition produced rapid increase in cell number at all time points during the 4 weeks of factor deprivation, suggesting that commitment to apoptosis was asynchronous and delayed in PML/RARα-expressing TF-1 cells. We conclude that PML/RARα interferes with the genetic pathways which regulate survival by reducing the frequency of commitment to apoptosis. This biological effect of PML/RARα may contribute to its leukemogenetic potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1467-1472
Number of pages6
JournalLeukemia
Volume9
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • GM-CSF
  • PML/RARα
  • TF1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology

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