To analyze the protective effects of the aminotetraline derivative (±)-(R,S)-5,6-dihydroxy-2-methylamino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-naphthalene hydrochloride (CHF-1024), a compound endowed with DA 2-dopaminergic/α 2-adrenergic receptor agonistic activity, in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion damage. A model of isolated and perfused (15 ml/min) electrically driven (300 beats/min) rat heart subjected to global ischemia (1 ml/min for 20 min) and reperfusion (15 ml/min for 30 min) was followed. Cardiac mechanics changes were evaluated together with biochemical markers of cardiac ischemia in perfusate and tissue tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). CHF-1024, perfused through the heart for 15 min before ischemia at different molar concentrations (1-100 nM), significantly improved left ventricle developed pressure during reperfusion, and normalized left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and coronary perfusion pressure. This anti-ischemic effect of CHF-1024 was associated to a decrease in creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase, both released during heart reperfusion. These events were concomitant with maintenance of a higher production of 6-keto-prostaglandin F 1α The ability of CHF-1024 to improve postischemic ventricular dysfunction was correlated with a dose-dependent inhibition of the release of both norepinephrine (NE), from sympathetic nerve endings, and TNF-α from cardiac tissue. The effect of CHF-1024 on NE release was almost completely antagonized by specific antagonists of presynaptic inhibitory receptors domperidone and rauwolscine. The finding that this new aminotetraline derivative possesses anti-ischemic properties and limits NE release from cardiac nerve endings may bear some therapeutic potential in cardiovascular diseases.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas