The amnion muscle combined graft (AMCG) conduits in nerves repair: an anatomical and experimental study on a rat model

Andrea Marchesini, Stefania Raimondo, Nicola Zingaretti, Valentina Riccio, Bruno Battiston, Mauro Provinciali, Stefano Geuna, Michele Riccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The amnion muscle combined graft (AMCG) conduits showed good clinical results in peripheral nerves gap repair. It combines the human amniotic membrane with autologous skeletal muscle fibres. These results seem attributable to the biological characteristics of human amniotic membrane: Pluripotency, anti-inflammatory and low immunogenicity.We here evaluate the final outcome of nerve regeneration morphologically and functionally, across the AMCG compared to nerve autograft. Fourteen Wistar rats were divided into two groups: In Group A, including 6 rats, the left forelimb was treated performing a 1.5 cm length gap on median nerve that was then reconstructed with a reverse autograft. In Group B, including 8 rats, the gap was reconstructed with AMCG. Functional results were evaluated at 30, 60 and 90 days performing grasping tests. Morphological and stereological analyses were performed at T90 using high-resolution light microscopy and design-based stereology. The AMCG conduits revealed nerve fibres regeneration and functional recovery. Functional recovery was observed in both groups with AMCG conduits group showing lower values and a regeneration of median nerves with more myelinated fibres with the same axon size, but thinner myelin than the autograft group. Though the autograft remains the gold standard to restore wide nerve gaps, the AMCG conduit has proved to be effective in enabling nerve regeneration through a critical rat’s nerve gap of 15 mm. These findings empirically support the great clinical results obtained using AMCG conduit to restore traumatic nerve’s gap from 3 to 6 cm of mixed forearm nerves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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