The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab to treat acquired haemophilia A

Giovanni D'Arena, Elvira Grandone, Matteo Di Minno, Pellegrino Musto, G. Di Minno

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background. Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding disorder caused by the development of specific autoantibodies against naturally occurring factor VIII (FVIII). Although about half of cases are idiopathic, AHA may be associated with several non-neoplastic conditions, autoimmune disorders, as well as haematological malignancies, such as chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and lymphoma. The long-term suppression of inhibitors is one of the mainstays of the treatment of AHA. Apart from standard immunosuppressive treatments, rituximab has been proven to be effective in AHA. Materials and methods. The aim of this review is to provide a systematic description of data available in the literature on this topic. To do so, we performed a search using the indexed online database Medline/PubMed, without temporal limits, matching the words "rituximab" and "acquired h(a)emophilia". Furthermore, additional published studies were identified in the reference list of the publications found in PubMed. Results. The review of the literature confirms that rituximab may be a safe and useful treatment for AHA. Discussion. Although rituximab is not a standard therapy for AHA, it may be useful in resistant cases. However, the definitive place of this monoclonal antibody in the therapeutic strategy for AHA (first or second-line, alone or in combination with other drugs) remains to be determined more precisely and warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-261
Number of pages7
JournalBlood Transfusion
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Acquired Haemophilia
  • B-Cell Malignancies.
  • Cancer
  • Inhibitors
  • Rituximab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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