The application of genetics approaches to the study of exceptional longevity in humans: Potential and limitations

Anna Ferrario, Francesco Villa, Alberto Malovini, Fiorella Araniti, Annibale A. Puca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The average life-span of the population of industrialized countries has improved enormously over the last decades. Despite evidence pointing to the role of food intake in modulating life-span, exceptional longevity is still considered primarily an inheritable trait, as pointed out by the description of families with centenarian clusters and by the elevated relative probability of siblings of centenarians to become centenarians themselves. However, rather than being two separate concepts, the genetic origin of exceptional longevity and the more recently observed environment-driven increase in the average age of the population could possibly be explained by the same genetic variants and environmentally modulated mechanisms (caloric restriction, specific nutrients). In support of this hypothesis, polymorphisms selected for in the centenarian population as a consequence of demographic pressure have been found to modulate cellular signals controlled also by caloric restriction. Here, we give an overview of the recent findings in the field of the genetics of human exceptional longevity, of how some of the identified polymorphisms modulate signals also influenced by food intake and caloric restriction, of what in our view have been the limitations of the approaches used over the past years to study genetics (sib-pair-, candidate gene association-, and genome-wide association-studies), and briefly of the limitations and the potential of the new, high-throughput, next-generation sequencing techniques applied to exceptional longevity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalImmunity and Ageing
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 2012

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Keywords

  • Aging
  • Centenarians
  • Longevity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Ageing

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