Occupational pesticide exposure has been linked to cutaneous melanoma in epidemiological studies. We studied the association between cutaneous melanoma and the residential use of pesticides. This is a case-control study of cutaneous melanoma (287 incident cases; 299 controls). Data on pesticide use was obtained with a standardised interview. An increased risk of melanoma was found for high use (≥4 times annually) of indoor pesticides (odds ratio (OR) = 2.18; 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.07-4.43) compared to low use (≤1 times annually), after adjustment for sex, age, education, sun exposure and pigmentary characteristics. Subjects exposed for 10 years or more had two and a half times the risk (OR = 2.46; 95% CI 1.23-4.94) of those exposed for less than 10 years. A dose response was observed for the intensity of pesticides use (p trend = 0.027). The results indicate that residential pesticide exposure may be an independent risk factor for cutaneous melanoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research