The automated external defibrillator, an underused simple life-saving device: a review of the literature. A joint document from the Italian Resuscitation Council (IRC) and Associazione Italiana di Aritmologia e Cardiostimolazione (AIAC)

Simone Savastano, Enrico Baldi, Sara Compagnoni, Rosa Fracchia, Giuseppe Ristagno, Niccolò Grieco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

: The role of early defibrillation has been well established as a pivotal ring of the chain of survival since the nineties. In the following years, the scientific evidences about the beneficial role of early defibrillation have grown, and most of all, it has been demonstrated that the main determinant of survival is the time of defibrillation more than the type of rescuer. Early lay defibrillation was shown to be more effective than delayed defibrillation by healthcare providers. Moreover, because of the ease of use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs), it has been shown that also untrained lay rescuers can safely use an AED leading the guidelines to encourage early defibrillation by untrained lay bystanders. Although strong evidence has demonstrated that an increase in AED use leads to an increase in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival, the rate of defibrillation by laypeople is quite variable worldwide and very low in some realities. Our review of the literature about lay defibrillation highlights that the AED is a life-saving device as simple and well tolerated as underused.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-739
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.)
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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