The BN rat strain carries dominant hepatocarcinogen resistance loci

Rosa M. Pascale, Maria M. Simile, Maria R. DeMiglio, Maria R. Muroni, Leonardo Gaspa, Tommaso A. Dragani, Francesco Feo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The phylogenetically distant F344 and BN rat strains and their (BN x F344) F1 hybrids were compared for susceptibility to hepatocarcinogenesis using the 'resistant hepatocyte' model. Quantitative stereological analysis of frequency (number/liver) and size (mean volume and volume fraction) of placental form glutathione S-transferase (GST-P)-positive lesions was carried out at 8, 15 and 32 weeks after diethylnitrosamine initiation. The number/liver of GST-P-positive lesions at any time point was slightly higher in BN and (BN x F344) F1 rats than in F344 rats, but not statistically different. However, mean volume and volume fraction of GST-P-positive lesions were much higher in F344 than in both BN and (BN x F344) F1 rats at any time point, with a difference of up to > 10-fold, GST-P-positive lesions exhibited a significantly higher labeling index and much lower remodeling in male F344 than in BN and (BN x F344) F1 rats. HCCs were present at 54-57 weeks after initiation in 77% of male F344 and in no (BN x F344) F1 rats and at 70 weeks HCCs were observed in 100% of male F344 and in 23% of (BN x F344) F1 rats. These results suggest that the BN rat strain is resistant to hepatocarcinogenesis and that its resistance is genetically transmitted as a dominant character to F1 hybrids of the BN strain with the F344 susceptible strain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1765-1768
Number of pages4
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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