The cerebellum and dystonia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Dystonia is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions, twisting movements, and abnormal postures in various body regions. It is widely accepted that the basal ganglia are involved in the pathogenesis of dystonia. A growing body of evidence, however, is challenging the traditional view and suggest that the cerebellum may also play a role in dystonia. Studies on animals indicate that experimental manipulations of the cerebellum lead to dystonic-like movements. Several clinical observations, including those from secondary dystonia cases as well as neurophysiologic and neuroimaging studies in human patients, provide further evidence in humans of a possible relationship between cerebellar abnormalities and dystonia. Claryfing the role of the cerebellum in dystonia is an important step towards providing alternative treatments based on noninvasive brain stimulation techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
EditorsMario Manto, Thierry A.G.M. Huisman
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages259-272
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780444641892
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume155
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • animal models
  • cerebellum
  • dystonia
  • neuroimaging
  • neurophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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