The cerebrocortical response to hyperinsulinemia is reduced in overweight humans: A magnetoencephalographic study

Otto Tschritter, Hubert Preissl, Anita M. Hennige, Michael Stumvoll, Katarina Porubska, Rebekka Frost, Hannah Marx, Benjamin Klösel, Werner Lutzenberger, Niels Birbaumer, Hans Ulrich Häring, Andreas Fritsche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Animal studies have shown that the brain is an insulin-responsive organ and that central nervous insulin resistance induces obesity and disturbances in glucose metabolism. In humans, insulin effects in the brain are poorly characterized. We used a magnetoencephalography approach during a two-step hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp to (i) assess cerebrocortical insulin effects in humans, (ii) compare these effects between 10 lean and 15 obese subjects, and (iii) test whether the insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 Gly972Arg polymorphism in the insulin-signaling cascade modifies these effects. Both spontaneous and stimulated (mismatch negativity) cortical activity were assessed. In lean humans, stimulated cortical activity (P = 0.046) and the beta and theta band of spontaneous cortical activity (P = 0.01 and 0.04) increased with insulin infusion relative to saline. In obese humans, these effects were suppressed. Moreover, the insulin effect on spontaneous cortical activity correlated negatively with body mass index and percent body fat (all r <-0.4; all P <0.05) and positively with insulin sensitivity of glucose disposal (theta band, r = 0.48, P = 0.017). Furthermore, insulin increased spontaneous cortical activity (beta band) in carriers of wild-type IRS-1, whereas, in carriers of the 972Arg allele, this insulin effect was absent (P = 0.01). We conclude that, in lean humans, insulin modulates cerebrocortical activity, and that these effects are diminished in obese individuals. Moreover, cerebrocortical insulin resistance is found in individuals with the Gly972Arg polymorphism in IRS-1, which is considered a type 2 diabetes risk gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12103-12108
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume103
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 8 2006

Keywords

  • Glucose metabolism
  • Insulin resistance
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • Mismatch negativity
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The cerebrocortical response to hyperinsulinemia is reduced in overweight humans: A magnetoencephalographic study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Tschritter, O., Preissl, H., Hennige, A. M., Stumvoll, M., Porubska, K., Frost, R., Marx, H., Klösel, B., Lutzenberger, W., Birbaumer, N., Häring, H. U., & Fritsche, A. (2006). The cerebrocortical response to hyperinsulinemia is reduced in overweight humans: A magnetoencephalographic study. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(32), 12103-12108. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0604404103