A severe course of infectious mononucleosis should always lead up to the suspicion of a primary immunodeficiency. We describe the case of a boy with severe mononucleosis accompanied by the development of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and lymphoma. By whole exome sequencing, we identified a mutation of uncertain significance in CTPS2, a gene closely related to CTPS1, which is involved in a primary immune deficiency with susceptibility to herpesviruses. We discuss the challenge of a correct interpretation of data from whole exome sequencing, questioning whether the CTPS2 variant found in our patient is just an incidental finding or a mutation with variable penetrance.
- Epstein Barr virus
- hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
- whole exome sequencing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health