The clinical predictivity of biomarkers of stage III-IV epithelial ovarian cancer in a prospective randomized treatment protocol

Rosella Silvestrini, Maria Grazia Daidone, Silvia Veneroni, Elvira Benini, Giovanna Scarfone, Flavia Zanaboni, Antonella Villa, Mauro Presti, Saverio Danese, Giorgio Bolis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. The aim of this study was to define the clinical relevance of functional biomarkers, prospectively assessed in a randomized clinical protocol, in patients with Stage III-IV epithelial ovarian cancer. The protocol compared cisplatin with polychemotherapy that included cisplatin and cyclophosphamide. METHODS. In a subset of 168 patients with invasive epithelial ovarian cancer cell proliferation was determined by the 3H- thymidine labeling index, DNA ploidy was assessed by flow cytometry, and the expression of p53, bcl-2, and glutathione S-transferase-π (GST-π) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry using the antibodies PAb1801, anti-bcl-2, and GST-pi, respectively. RESULTS. Cell proliferation, DNA ploidy, and the expression of p53, bcl-2, and GST-π were generally unrelated to one another and unrelated to clinicopathologic features, except for an association between DNA ploidy and the rate of cell proliferation. All biologic variables except bcl-2 were slightly related to tumor grade. DNA ploidy emerged as a predictor of clinical complete response and 3-year overall survival, regardless of treatment type or residual disease. Conversely, except for a favorable outcome for patients with tumors not expressing bcl-2 who were treated with cisplatin, no definitive patterns of predictivity for short term or long term clinical outcomes were observed for the other biomarkers studied. CONCLUSIONS. DNA ploidy appears to be the most clinically relevant biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer. More information is needed w understand the rote of the other markers studied in this tumor type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-167
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • bcl-2
  • Cell proliferation
  • Chemotherapy
  • DNA ploidy
  • Glutathione S- transferase-π
  • Ovarian cancer
  • P53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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