The coeliac iceberg in Italy. A multicentre antigliadin antibodies screening for coeliac disease in school-age subjects.

C. Catassi, E. Fabiani, I. M. Rätsch, G. V. Coppa, P. L. Giorgi, R. Pierdomenico, S. Alessandrini, G. Iwanejko, R. Domenici, E. Mei, A. Miano, M. Marani, G. Bottaro, M. Spina, M. Dotti, A. Montanelli, M. Barbato, F. Viola, R. Lazzari, M. ValliniG. Guariso, M. Plebani, F. Cataldo, G. Traverso, A. Ventura

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that coeliac disease (CD) is one of the commonest, life-long disorders in Italy. The aims of this multicentre work were: (a) to establish the prevalence of CD on a nationwide basis; and (b) to characterize the CD clinical spectrum in Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen centres screened 17,201 students aged 6-15 years (68.6% of the eligible population) by the combined determination of serum IgG- and IgA-antigliadin antibody (AGA) test; 1289 (7.5%) were IgG and/or IgA-AGA positive and were recalled for the second-level investigation; 111 of them met the criteria for the intestinal biopsy: IgA-AGA positivity and/or AEA positivity or IgG-AGA positivity plus serum IgA deficiency. RESULTS: Intestinal biopsy was performed on 98 of the 111 subjects. CD was diagnosed in 82 subjects (75 biopsy proven, 7 not biopsied but with associated AGA and AEA positivity). Most of the screening-detected coeliac patients showed low-grade intensity illness often associated with decreased psychophysical well-being. There were two AEA negative cases with associated CD and IgA deficiency. The prevalence of undiagnosed CD was 4.77 x 1000 (95% CI 3.79-5.91), 1 in 210 subjects. The overall prevalence of CD, including known CD cases, was 5.44 x 1000 (95% CI 4.57-6.44), 1 in 184 subjects. The ratio of known to undiagnosed CD cases was 1 in 7. CONCLUSIONS: These findings confirm that, in Italy, CD is one of the most common chronic disorders showing a wide and heterogeneous clinical spectrum. Most CD cases remain undiagnosed unless actively searched.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Supplement
Volume412
Publication statusPublished - May 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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Catassi, C., Fabiani, E., Rätsch, I. M., Coppa, G. V., Giorgi, P. L., Pierdomenico, R., Alessandrini, S., Iwanejko, G., Domenici, R., Mei, E., Miano, A., Marani, M., Bottaro, G., Spina, M., Dotti, M., Montanelli, A., Barbato, M., Viola, F., Lazzari, R., ... Ventura, A. (1996). The coeliac iceberg in Italy. A multicentre antigliadin antibodies screening for coeliac disease in school-age subjects. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Supplement, 412, 29-35.