The Collagen-Based Medical Device MD-Tissue Acts as a Mechanical Scaffold Influencing Morpho-Functional Properties of Cultured Human Tenocytes

Filippo Randelli, Patrizia Sartori, Cristiano Carlomagno, Marzia Bedoni, Alessandra Menon, Elena Vezzoli, Michele Sommariva, Nicoletta Gagliano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mechanotransduction is the ability of cells to translate mechanical stimuli into biochemical signals that can ultimately influence gene expression, cell morphology and cell fate. Tenocytes are responsible for tendon mechanical adaptation converting mechanical stimuli imposed during mechanical loading, thus affecting extracellular matrix homeostasis. Since we previously demonstrated that MD-Tissue, an injectable collagen-based medical compound containing swine-derived collagen as the main component, is able to affect tenocyte properties, the aim of this study was to analyze whether the effects triggered by MD-Tissue were based on mechanotransduction-related mechanisms. For this purpose, MD-Tissue was used to coat Petri dishes and cytochalasin B was used to deprive tenocytes of mechanical stimulation mediated by the actin cytoskeleton. Cell morphology, migration, collagen turnover pathways and the expression of key mechanosensors were analyzed by morphological and molecular methods. Our findings confirm that MD-Tissue affects collagen turnover pathways and favors cell migration and show that the MD-Tissue-induced effect represents a mechanical input involving the mechanotransduction machinery. Overall, MD-Tissue, acting as a mechanical scaffold, could represent an effective medical device for a novel therapeutic, regenerative and rehabilitative approach to favor tendon healing in tendinopathies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 8 2020

Keywords

  • actin cytoskeleton
  • collagen turnover
  • mechanotransduction
  • medical device
  • tendinopathy
  • tendon
  • tenocytes
  • YAP/TAZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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