The Combination of Carboplatin and Weekly Paclitaxel: A Safe and Active Regimen in Advanced Non Small-Cell Lung Cancer Patients. A Phase I-II Study

Alessandra Fabi, M. Barduagni, V. Ferraresi, E. Cortesi, T. Gamucci, F. De Marinis, R. Saltarelli, A. Gabriele, M. Pellicciotta, A. Ceribelli, S. De Marco, F. Facciolo, F. Cognetti

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Abstract

The combination of carboplatin and paclitaxel given every three weeks is a tolerated and reasonably active regimen in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study was designed to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of a fixed dose of carboplatin with an area under the curve (AUC) of 6 and escalating doses of weekly paclitaxel with an initial dose of 50 mg/m 2 with 10 mg/m2 increments at each level in untreated NSCLC patients (phase I study). The study continued with a phase II study. Thirty patients entered the phase 1 study. The MTD was: carboplatin AUC=6 on days 1 and 28 plus paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 (1 hour) on days 1,8,15,28. The dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was severe neutropenia and cardiological toxicity. Subsequently, 42 patients entered the phase II study with the same treatment schedule. The 2-drug combination was globally well tolerated. The overall response rate (RR) was 42% [CI 95%: 26.3-57.7], stable disease (SD) 29% and progression (PD) 29%. The median duration of response was 8.0 mos (range: 1.0-19.0). The median time to progression was 8.0 mos (range: 7.0-19.0) and the median survival was 14.0 months (range: 9.0-19.0). The association of carboplatin AUC=6 and weekly paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 proved to be manageable, active and extremely safe even in elderly patients (one third of all patients in our cohort). The survival results were interesting: the median survival time was 14 months (9-19 months) and the 1- and 2-year survival was 59% and 16%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Volume23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Keywords

  • Carboplatin and paclitaxel combination
  • Non small-cell lung cancer activity
  • Toxicity
  • Weekly paclitaxel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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