The combination of hypomethylating agents and histone deacetylase inhibitors produce marked synergy in preclinical models of T-cell lymphoma

Enrica Marchi, Kelly M. Zullo, Jennifer E. Amengual, Matko Kalac, Danielle Bongero, Christine M. Mcintosh, Laura K. Fogli, Maura Rossi, Pier L. Zinzani, Stefano A. Pileri, Pier P. Piccaluga, Fabio Fuligni, Luigi Scotto, Owen A. O'Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

T-cell lymphomas (TCL) are aggressive lymphomas usually treated with CHOP (cyclophsophamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone)-like regimens upfront. Recent data suggest that TCL are driven by epigenetic defects, potentially rendering them sensitive to epigenetic therapies. We explored the therapeutic merits of a combined epigenetic platform using histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) and DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMT) in in vitro and in vivo models of TCL. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values revealed romidepsin was the most potent HDACI, with an IC50 in the low nanomolar range. The combination with a hypomethylating agent produced synergy across all cell lines, which was confirmed in cytotoxicity and apoptosis assays. An in vivo xenograft study demonstrated inhibition of tumour growth in the combination cohort compared to the single agent. Gene expression array and global methylation profiling revealed differentially expressed genes and modulated pathways for each of the single treatment conditions and the combination. Most of the effects induced by the single agent treatment were maintained in the combination group. In total, 944 unique genes were modulated by the combination treatment, supporting the hypothesis of molecular synergism. These data suggest combinations of hypomethylating agents and HDACIs are synergistic in models of TCL, which is supported at the molecular level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-226
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume171
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Epigenetic therapy
  • HDAC inhibitors
  • Hypomethylating agents
  • Preclinical models
  • T-Cell Lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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