The complexity of targeting EGFR signalling in cancer: From expression to turnover

Sinto Sebastian, Jeffrey Settleman, Stephan J. Reshkin, Amalia Azzariti, Antonia Bellizzi, Angelo Paradiso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB1 or EGFR) has been found to be altered in a variety of human cancers. A number of agents targeting these receptors, including specific antibodies directed against the ligand-binding domain of the receptor and small molecules that inhibit kinase activity are either in clinical trials or are already approved for clinical treatment. However, identifying patients that are likely to respond to such treatments has been challenging. As a consequence, it still remains important to identify additional alterations of the tumor cell that contribute to the response to EGFR-targeted agents. While EGFR-mediated signalling pathways have been well established, there is still a rather limited understanding of how intracellular protein-protein interactions, ubiquitination, endocytosis and subsequent degradation of EGFR contribute to the determination of sensitivity to EGFR targeting agents and are emerging areas of investigation. This review primarily focuses on the basic signal transduction pathways mediated through activated membrane bound and/or endosomal EGFR and emphasizes the need to co-target additional proteins that function either upstream or downstream of EGFR to improve cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-139
Number of pages20
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Reviews on Cancer
Volume1766
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cell signalling
  • EGFR
  • EGFR inhibitors
  • Trafficking
  • Turnover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Biophysics

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