The Contribution of Illness Beliefs, Coping Strategies, and Social Support to Perceived Physical Health and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis

Marta Bassi, Monica Grobberio, Luca Negri, Sabina Cilia, Eleonora Minacapelli, Claudia Niccolai, Marianna Pattini, Erika Pietrolongo, Maria Esmeralda Quartuccio, Rosa Gemma Viterbo, Beatrice Allegri, Maria Pia Amato, Miriam Benin, Giovanna De Luca, Monica Falautano, Claudio Gasperini, Francesco Patti, Maria Trojano, Antonella Delle Fave

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Abstract

This study investigated the relationship of illness beliefs with perceived physical health and fatigue among persons with multiple sclerosis. Besides direct effects between illness beliefs and outcome measures, the mediational role of coping strategies and social support was examined. Six hundred and eighty persons with multiple sclerosis completed the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire evaluating illness beliefs; the Brief COPE measuring problem-focused, meaning-focused, and avoidant strategies; the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support assessing social support; MS Quality of Life-54 investigating perceived physical health; and the Fatigue Severity Scale assessing physical fatigue. Mediation analyses were performed controlling for disability level. Direct effects were identified for both perceived physical health and fatigue, whereas indirect effects were observed only for physical health through avoidant strategies and social support. Based on present findings, psychological intervention may primarily target illness beliefs to address fatigue, and beliefs and coping strategies to improve perceived physical health.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 23 2019

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Keywords

  • Coping strategies
  • Fatigue
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Illness beliefs
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Bassi, M., Grobberio, M., Negri, L., Cilia, S., Minacapelli, E., Niccolai, C., Pattini, M., Pietrolongo, E., Quartuccio, M. E., Viterbo, R. G., Allegri, B., Amato, M. P., Benin, M., De Luca, G., Falautano, M., Gasperini, C., Patti, F., Trojano, M., & Delle Fave, A. (2019). The Contribution of Illness Beliefs, Coping Strategies, and Social Support to Perceived Physical Health and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09692-6