The Cortico-Basal Ganglia-Cerebellar Network: Past, Present and Future Perspectives

Demetrio Milardi, Angelo Quartarone, Alessia Bramanti, Giuseppe Anastasi, Salvatore Bertino, Gianpaolo Antonio Basile, Piero Buonasera, Giorgia Pilone, Giuseppe Celeste, Giuseppina Rizzo, Daniele Bruschetta, Alberto Cacciola

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Much of our present understanding of the function and operation of the basal ganglia rests on models of anatomical connectivity derived from tract-tracing approaches in rodents and primates. However, the last years have been characterized by promising step forwards in the in vivo investigation and comprehension of brain connectivity in humans. The aim of this review is to revise the current knowledge on basal ganglia circuits, highlighting similarities and differences across species, in order to widen the current perspective on the intricate model of the basal ganglia system. This will allow us to explore the implications of additional direct pathways running from cortex to basal ganglia and between basal ganglia and cerebellum recently described in animals and humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61
JournalFrontiers in Systems Neuroscience
Publication statusPublished - Oct 30 2019


  • cerebellum
  • connectomics
  • globus pallidus
  • substantia nigra
  • tractography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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