The three Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase electromorphs of the amphibian Xenopus laevis were purified by an original procedure. N-terminal sequence analysis demonstrated that they are two different homodimers (AA and BB) and a hybrid heterodimer (AB), arising from the co-expression of duplicated genes. The three forms have the same pl, same enzyme activity and EPR spectra, but different heat-sensitivity, form BB being more resistant than form AA, with form AB showing intermediate sensitivity. Thermostability of BB and the control bovine enzyme was enhanced by a tenfold increase in protein concentration. It is suggested that the higher heat sensitivity of the AA isoenzyme is related to the presence of an extra Cys residue and to an easier dissociation of the protein dimer into monomers.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 31 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology