The dark side of the spoon - glucose, ketones and COVID-19: a possible role for ketogenic diet?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is posing a serious challenge to the health-care systems worldwide, with an enormous impact on health conditions and loss of lives. Notably, obesity and its related comorbidities are strictly related with worse clinical outcomes of COVID-19 disease. Recently, there is a growing interest in the clinical use of ketogenic diets (KDs), particularly in the context of severe obesity with related metabolic complications. KDs have been proven effective for a rapid reduction of fat mass, preserving lean mass and providing an adequate nutritional status. In particular, the physiological increase in plasma levels of ketone bodies exerts important anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating effects, which may reveal as precious tools to prevent infection and potential adverse outcomes of COVID-19 disease. We discuss here the importance of KDs for a rapid reduction of several critical risk factors for COVID-19, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension, based on the known effects of ketone bodies on inflammation, immunity, metabolic profile and cardiovascular function. We do believe that a rapid reduction of all modifiable risk factors, especially obesity with its metabolic complications, should be a pillar of public health policies and interventions, in view of future waves of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number441
JournalJournal of Translational Medicine
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Hyperglycaemia
  • Inflammation
  • Metabolic rehabilitation
  • Obesity
  • Sars-CoV-2
  • VLCKD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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