The defence against free radicals protects endothelial cells from hyperglycaemia-induced plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 over-production

A. Ceriello, F. Curcio, P. Dello Russo, I. Pegoraro, G. Stel, P. Amstad, P. Cerutti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It has been shown that hyperglycaemia may stimulate plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) over-production in human endothelial cells in culture. At the same time, it has been shown that glucose may enolize, producing free radicals. In this study, the possibility that hyperglycaemia stimulates PAI-1 over-production in human endothelial cells in culture by generating free radicals has been evaluated. For this purpose two experimental models were used: human endothelial cells transfected to express high glutathione peroxidase levels cultured in hyperglycaemic media, and human endothelial cells cultured in hyperglycaemic media with the antioxidant GSH. Cells grown in 20 mM glucose produced higher values of PAI-1 with respect to controls. The production of PAI-1 was not influenced by hyperglycaemia in transfected cells. GSH in the medium reduced hyperglycaemia-induced PAI-1 over-production, but also reduces the basal production of PAI-1 in the cells grown in normal glucose concentration. These data show that antioxidant defences may reduce hyperglycaemia-induced PAI-1 over-production in human endothelial cells in culture. The hypothesis that oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications is then supported by this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Diabetic complications
  • Endothelial cells
  • Free radicals
  • Hyperglycaemia
  • PAI-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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