The development of various forms of lung injury with increasing tidal volume in normal rats

Edgardo D'Angelo, Antonia Koutsoukou, Patrizia Della Valle, Guendalina Gentile, Matteo Pecchiari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sixty-three, open-chest normal rats were subjected to mechanical ventilation (MV) with tidal volumes (VT) ranging from 7.5–39.5ml kg−1 and PEEP 2.3 cmH2O. Arterial blood gasses and pressure, and lung mechanics were measured during baseline ventilation (VT = 7.5ml kg−1) before and after test ventilation, when cytokine, von Willebrand factor (vWF), and albumin concentration in serum and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF), wet-to-dry weight ratio (W/D), and histologic injury scores were assessed. Elevation of W/D and serum vWF and cytokine concentration occurred with VT > 25ml kg−1. With VT > 30ml kg−1 cytokine and albumin concentration increased also in BALF, arterial oxygen tension decreased, lung mechanics and histology deteriorated, while W/D and vWF and cytokine concentration increased further. Hence, the initial manifestation of injurious MV consists of damage of extra-alveolar vessels leading to interstitial edema, as shown by elevated vWF and cytokine levels in serum but not in BALF. Failure of the endothelial-epithelial barrier occurs at higher stress-strain levels, with alveolar edema, small airway injury, and mechanical alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103369
JournalRespiratory Physiology and Neurobiology
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Cytokines
  • Lung edema
  • Lung histology
  • Lung mechanics
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • von Willebrand factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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