The effect of 16,16-dimethyl-PGE2-methyl ester (di-M-PGE2) on humoral and cellular immunoresponsiveness has been compared in normal mice and in mice immunosuppressed by splenectomy and thymectomy plus antithymocyte serum (ATS). Splenectomy resulted in immunosuppression manifested by augmentation of B-16 melanoma growth; this stimulatory effect was reversed by di-M-PGE2. In animals immunosuppressed by thymectomy plus ATS, di-M-PGE2 augmented the humoral and cellular immune responses; this was manifested by slowing of the growth of B-16 melanoma and by stimulating the number of plaque-forming cells, hemagglutinin titers, and delayed-hypersensitivity reactions to sheep erythrocytes. In contrast, in normal (nonthymectomized) mice, di-M-PGE2 was mildly immunosuppressive. Finally, adriamycin-immunosuppressed normal mice and this suppression were reversed by the addition of di-M-PGE2 to the treatment regimen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology