Carboplatin was given as a 30-min infusion to 11 ovarian cancer patients at doses of 170-500 mg/m2. The ages, weights, and creatinine clearances (Clcr) ranged from 44 to 75 years, from 44 to 74 kg, and from 32 to 101 ml/min, respectively. Plasma, plasma ultrafiltrate (PU), and urine samples were obtained at appropriate times for 96 h and were analyzed for platinum. The PU and urine were also analyzed for the parent compound by HPLC. In patients with a Clcr of about 60 ml/min or greater, carboplatin decayed biexponentially with a mean t1/2α of 1.6 h and a t1/2β of 3.0 h. The mean (±SD) residence time, total body clearance, and apparent volume of distribution were 3.5±0.4 h, 4.4±0.85 l/h, and 16±31l, respectively. Cmax and AUCinf values increased linearly with dose, and the latter values correlated better with the dose in mg than in mg/m2. No significant quantities of free, ultrafilterable, platinum-containing species other than the parent compound were found in plasma, but platinum from carboplatin became protein-bound and was slowly eliminated with a minimal t1/2 of 5 days. The major route of elimination was excretion via the kidneys. Patients with a Clcr of 60 ml/min or greater excreted 70% of the dose as the parent compound in the urine, with most of this occurring within 12-16 h. All of the platinum in 24-h urine was carboplatin, and only 2%-3% of the dosed platinum was excreted from 48 to 96 h. Patients with a Clcr of less than about 60 ml/min exhibited dose-disproportional increases in AUCinf and MRT values. The latter were inversely related to Clcr (r=-0.98). Over a dose range of 300-500 mg/m2, carboplatin exhibited linear, dose-independent pharmaco-kinetics in patients with a Clcr of about 60 ml/min or greater, but dose reductions are necessary for patients with mild renal failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research