DNA repair of abasic sites is accomplished in mammalian cells by two distinct base excision repair (BER) pathways: a single nucleotide insertion pathway and a proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-dependent pathway involving a resynthesis patch of 2-10 nucleotides 3' to the lesion. The latter pathway shares some enzymatic components with the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway acting on damage induced by Ultraviolet light: both pathways are strictly dependent on PCNA and several observations suggest that the polymerization and ligation phases may be carried out by common enzymatic activities (DNA polymerase δ/ε and DNA ligase I). Furthermore, it has been postulated that the transcription-NER coupling factor Cockayne syndrome B has a role in BER. We have investigated whether three NER proteins endowed with DNA helicase activities (the xeroderma pigmentosum D and B gene products and the Cockayne syndrome B gene product) may also be involved in repair of natural abasic sites, by using the Chinese hamster ovary mutant cell lines UV5, UV61 and 27-1. No defect of either the PCNA-dependent or the single nucleotide insertion pathways could be observed in UV5, UV61 or 27-1 mutant cell extracts, thus showing that the partial enzymatic overlap between PCNA- dependent BER and NER does not extend to DNA helicase activities.
- Abasic sites, DNA helicases, xeroderma pigmentosum
- Base excision repair
- Cockayne's syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas