Introduction The long-term dynamics of periapical lesions in endodontically treated teeth is not fully elucidated, thus presenting a clinical dilemma regarding the need for an intervention. The aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate the long-term dynamics of periapical lesions that were left without intervention in endodontically treated teeth. Methods Periapical status surveys of patients treated in a public dental clinic were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of periapical lesions in endodontically treated coronally restored teeth. The dynamics of the included periapical lesions was evaluated based on the periapical index (PAI) score changes between 2 consecutive periapical surveys of at least a 4-year interval. The influence of various factors on lesion dynamics was statistically evaluated. Results The study cohort consisted of 74 patients with a total of 200 endodontically treated teeth having periapical lesions that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Fifty-seven (28.5%) lesions remained unchanged, 103 (51.5%) lesions worsened (PAI score increased), and 40 (20%) lesions improved (PAI score decreased). Poor root canal filling and poor restoration were found to adversely affect the long-term dynamics of the periapical lesions (P .05). Conclusions Poor root canal filling and poor restoration may adversely affect the long-term dynamics of periapical lesions that are left without intervention in endodontically treated teeth. Therefore, in cases of poor root canal filling or poor restoration, further intervention may be indicated.
- Endodontically treated teeth
- periapical lesion
- persistent apical periodontits
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