The Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis Questionnaire Correlates with Fiber-Optic Endoscopic Examination for Detecting Swallowing Deficits in MS

M.G. Grasso, G. Gamberini, F. Patti, E. D’Amico, R. Bergamaschi, E. Berra, A. Giusti, A. Cuccaro, M. Messmer Uccelli, C. Solaro

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) refers to chronic inflammation of the central nervous system including the brain and spinal cord. Assessing for the presence of dysphagia in subjects with MS represents a challenge for neurologists in clinical practice. The aim of the present study was to verify the relationship between DYMUS scores, a patient-reported scale, and objective symptoms using the Dysphagia Outcome Severity Score (DOSS), based on fiber-optic endoscopy. Data were collected in a multicenter study. Two hundred and fifteen MS patients were enrolled, irrespective of self-reported dysphagia. DOSS revealed dysphagia in 122 subjects (56.7%). Compared with non-dysphagic subjects, the presence of dysphagia was related to more severe disability, longer disease duration, and a progressive form of the disease. A DYMUS score of 0 strongly correlated with a DOSS of 6 (sensitivity 100%) while DYMUS score of > 2 correlated with a DOSS < 7 (specificity 82%) of the self-reported scale. The DYMUS questionnaire can be a useful clinical tool for red-flagging patients who should undergo objective testing and referral to a otorhinolaryngologist.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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