The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) as a screening tool for depression and anxiety in non-advanced patients with solid or haematological malignancies on cure or follow-up

Carla I. Ripamonti, Elena Bandieri, Maria Adelaide Pessi, Alice Maruelli, Loredana Buonaccorso, Guido Miccinesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Symptoms' assessment should be considered a clinical practice routine in all cancer stages. The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) is a ten-item patient-rated symptom assessment developed and validated for population affected by cancer in different languages and cultures. The main objective of this study was to assess the performance of ESAS items on anxiety and depression when detecting Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) 'cases'. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 194 non-advanced patients with solid (108) or hematologic malignancies on cure or follow up, Karnofsky Performance Status ≥70, life expectancy > 6 months and no metastases. Patients were assessed by means of ESAS and by HADS. Receiving operator characteristic (ROC) analysis of ESAS anxiety and depression items versus cases of severe (cutoff 11) anxiety and depression according to HADS-specific subscales was performed. Results: Depression and anxiety ESAS items correlated strongly (0.707, Spearman). Area under the curve ranged between 0.84 and 0.96 for the two ESAS items when detecting severe anxiety or depression HADS cases (cutoff = 11). ESAS anxiety or depression scores >3 detected quite well the severe depression HADS cases (Sensibility = 75-Specificity = 84, Sensibility = 87-Specificity = 90, respectively). Conclusions: Anxiety or depression ESAS items score >3 can be applied as a useful, easy and not time consuming screening tool for assessing anxiety and depression in non-advanced patients with solid or haematological malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-793
Number of pages11
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression screening tools
  • ESAS
  • HADS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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