The effect of 5 intravenous lipid emulsions on plasma phytosterols in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition: A randomized clinical trial

Sara Savini, Rita D'Ascenzo, Chiara Biagetti, Giulia Serpentini, Adriana Pompilio, Alice Bartoli, Paola E. Cogo, Virgilio P. Carnielli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Elevated plasma phytosterol concentrations are an untoward effect of parenteral nutrition (PN) with vegetable oil- based lipid emulsions (LEs). Phytosterols are elevated in neonatal cholestasis, but the relation remains controversial. Objective: The objective was to study the effect of 5 LEs on plasma phytosterols in preterm infants. Design: One hundred forty-four consecutive admitted preterm infants (birth weight: 500-1249 g) were studied. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 5 different LEs: S [100% soybean oil (SO)], MS [50% medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) and 50% SO], MSF (50% MCTs, 40% SO, and 10% fish oil (FO)], OS (80% olive oil and 20% SO), or MOSF (30% MCTs, 25% olive oil, 30% SO, and 15% FO). Phytosterols in the LEs and in plasma (on postnatal day 7 and day 14) were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results: Patients in the S group had significantly higher total phytosterol intakes than did the other study groups. On PN days 7 and 14, plasma phytosterol concentrations were highest in the S group and lowest in the MOSF group. Despite similar b-sitosterol intakes between the MS and MSF groups, plasma concentrations were significantly lower in the MSF than in the MS group. Only 3 patients (2.1%) developed cholestasis: 1 in the MS, 1 in the MSF, and 1 in the MOSF group. No cases of cholestasis were observed in the S and OS groups. Conclusions: In uncomplicated preterm infants receiving routine PN, we found a correlation between phytosterol intake and plasma phytosterol concentrations; however, cholestasis was rare and no difference in liver function at 6 wk was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-318
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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