The effect of fixture neck design in a realistic model of dental implant: A finite element approach

Silvia Necchi, Francesco Migliavacca, Dario Gastaldi, Manuela Pizzagalli, Massimo Del Fabbro, Roberto Weinstein, Riccardo Pietrabissa, Gabriele Dubini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aim of this work is to develop an accurate finite element model able to reproduce a standard experimental set-up for the evaluation of mechanical failure of a dental implant system. The considered system is composed of a fixture, an abutment and a connecting screw. We analysed the behaviour of the implant system considering three different designs of the fixture, in order to establish which one provides the better mechanical behaviour. After the definition of the numerical models, loading conditions were selected in order to reproduce the same stress state found in previous mechanical failure tests. Preloading and functional loading conditions were simulated. The analysis of the numerical results shows that the structure yielding is due to the fixture neck plastic deformation, that increases the load eccentricity and then the bending stress on the connecting screw. Only slight differences were found between the three implant systems in the amount and distribution of stress. The model reproduces properly the implant systems and the experimental set-up. The goodness of the model can be summarised as: realistic geometrical structure, elastoplastic model for the material description, correct definition of the contacts and the existing tolerance among the different system components, reproduction of the preloading stress condition. The present study permitted to define a valid procedure for the realization of numerical models of implant systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-297
Number of pages9
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2003



  • Contact
  • Dental implant
  • Finite element method
  • Mathematical model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction

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