The effect of the association of gossypol and Lonidamine on the electron transport in Ehrlich ascites tumor mitochondria has been investigated by addition of drugs to isolated mitochondria. The results may be summarized as follows. (1) Low concentrations of gossypol increase the rate of oxygen consumption at the level of three energy-conserving sites of the respiratory chain. Higher concentrations result in an inhibition of oxygen consumption at (or near) both energy-conserving sites 1 and 2, while energy-conserving site 3 is unaffected. (2) Gossypol, at concentrations at which it exerts its uncoupling effect, stimulates ATPase activity. Higher concentrations inhibit the enzyme activity. (3) The addition of gossypol to mitochondria respiring on pyruvate plus malate or succinate induces a more oxidized state of NAD+ and cytochrome b, respectively. (4) Gossypol enhances the effect of Lonidamine on oxygen consumption. Lonidamine does not affect state 4 respiration, but in the presence of gossypol, it determines a marked decrease in the rate of oxygen consumption. The inhibition of oxidation of NAD-linked substrates is greater than that of FAD-linked substrates. (5) It may be concluded that gossypol is very effective in potentiating the effect of Lonidamine. Moreover, it may be suggested that the antitumor activity of Lonidamine is enhanced if it is used in combination with other drugs and/or treatments, such as hyperthermia, which modify the energy status of mitochondria.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Molecular Biology
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine