Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in patients with bladder cancer (BCa) and to assess its association with oncological outcomes. Methods This retrospective single-center study included 354 patients with BCa treated with radical cystectomy (RC). HER2 status was assessed with immunohistochemistry and scored according to HercepTest. Conditional survival and competing risk regression were performed to assess the association between HER2 expression and survival outcomes. Results HER2 was overexpressed in 36% of patients. HER2 overexpression was associated with features of tumor aggressiveness such as lymph-node metastases (P = 0.002). At a median follow-up of 123 months (interquartile range: 79–180), 160 patients (45%) experienced disease recurrence, 263 patients (74%) died and 157 (44%) died of cancer. On multivariable analyses, HER2 overexpression was not significantly associated with any oncological outcomes. Adding HER2 status to a model for the prediction of survival outcomes did not change the accuracy of the model for any of the outcomes. Interestingly, HER2 status significantly affected late disease recurrence (P = 0.05 for conditional survival at 24 months). Conclusions More than one third of RC patients overexpress HER2 in their tumors. HER2 overexpression was associated with features of biological and clinical aggressiveness. HER2 did not add prognostic significance to the standard established predictors of survival outcomes after RC. However, due to the high overexpression rate, it could represent a target for therapy in select advanced BCa tumors.
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2016|
- Bladder cancer
- Target therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas