The effect of L-dopa in Parkinson’s disease as revealed by neurophysiological studies of motor and sensory functions

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: This review will first discuss evidence of motor and sensory abnormalities as yielded by neurophysiological techniques in patients with PD. It will then go on to describe the effects of L-dopa replacement on motor and sensory abnormalities in PD as assessed by neurophysiological studies. Areas covered: We analyzed papers in English using Pubmed with the following keywords: L-dopa, dopamine, bradykinesia, basal ganglia, kinematic analysis, TMS, motor cortex plasticity, motor cortex excitability, somatosensory discrimination threshold, pain Expert commentary: L-dopa improves the amplitude and speed of upper limb voluntary movements, but it does not restore abnormalities in the sequence effect or voluntary facial movements. L-dopa only partially normalizes changes in motor cortex excitability and plasticity and has also contrasting effects on the sensory system and on sensory-motor integration. The neurophysiological studies reviewed here show that PD is more than a hypo-dopaminergic disease, and non-dopaminergic mechanisms should also be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-192
Number of pages12
JournalExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • kinematic
  • Levodopa
  • motor cortex excitability
  • motor cortex plasticity
  • Parkinson disease
  • sequence effect
  • somatosensory temporal discrimination threshold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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