The effect of occasional smoking on smoking-related cancers

In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)

Bine Kjøller Bjerregaard, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Mette Sørensen, Kirsten Frederiksen, Anne Tjønneland, Sabine Rohrmann, Jakob Linseisen, Manuela M. Bergman, Heiner Boeing, Sabina Sieri, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, H. Bas Bueno-De-Mesquita, Frederike L. Büchner, Inger Torhild Gram, Tonje Braaten, Eiliv Lund, Göran Hallmans, Åsa Ågren & 1 others Elio Riboli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Most studies on tobacco smoking have focused on daily-smokers. Occasional smokers, who have never smoked daily, have often been included in the reference group of never-smokers. We have investigated the association between occasional smoking and cancer of the bladder, kidney, pancreas, upper aero-digestive tract and lung. Methods: The study population consisted of 158,488 persons, who provided information on occasional smoking, within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), 780 of whom developed a smoking-related cancer. We used Cox proportional hazard model, stratified by gender and country to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRR) for smoking-related cancers. Results: The results suggest that occasional smokers have a higher risk of bladder cancer (IRR: 1.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.93-3.98) and of the major smoking-related cancers combined (IRR: 1.24, 95% CI 0.80-1.94) than true never-smokers. Including occasional smokers in the reference group resulted in a lower risk estimate for former and current smokers. Conclusions: Occasional smoking should be discouraged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1305-1309
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

Smoking
Neoplasms
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Incidence
Confidence Intervals
Kidney Neoplasms
Proportional Hazards Models
Gastrointestinal Tract
Pancreas
Lung
Population

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cohort Study
  • Epidemiology
  • Tobacco smoke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Bjerregaard, B. K., Raaschou-Nielsen, O., Sørensen, M., Frederiksen, K., Tjønneland, A., Rohrmann, S., ... Riboli, E. (2006). The effect of occasional smoking on smoking-related cancers: In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Cancer Causes and Control, 17(10), 1305-1309. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-006-0068-9

The effect of occasional smoking on smoking-related cancers : In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). / Bjerregaard, Bine Kjøller; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole; Sørensen, Mette; Frederiksen, Kirsten; Tjønneland, Anne; Rohrmann, Sabine; Linseisen, Jakob; Bergman, Manuela M.; Boeing, Heiner; Sieri, Sabina; Palli, Domenico; Tumino, Rosario; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Bueno-De-Mesquita, H. Bas; Büchner, Frederike L.; Gram, Inger Torhild; Braaten, Tonje; Lund, Eiliv; Hallmans, Göran; Ågren, Åsa; Riboli, Elio.

In: Cancer Causes and Control, Vol. 17, No. 10, 12.2006, p. 1305-1309.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bjerregaard, BK, Raaschou-Nielsen, O, Sørensen, M, Frederiksen, K, Tjønneland, A, Rohrmann, S, Linseisen, J, Bergman, MM, Boeing, H, Sieri, S, Palli, D, Tumino, R, Sacerdote, C, Bueno-De-Mesquita, HB, Büchner, FL, Gram, IT, Braaten, T, Lund, E, Hallmans, G, Ågren, Å & Riboli, E 2006, 'The effect of occasional smoking on smoking-related cancers: In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)', Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1305-1309. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-006-0068-9
Bjerregaard, Bine Kjøller ; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole ; Sørensen, Mette ; Frederiksen, Kirsten ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Rohrmann, Sabine ; Linseisen, Jakob ; Bergman, Manuela M. ; Boeing, Heiner ; Sieri, Sabina ; Palli, Domenico ; Tumino, Rosario ; Sacerdote, Carlotta ; Bueno-De-Mesquita, H. Bas ; Büchner, Frederike L. ; Gram, Inger Torhild ; Braaten, Tonje ; Lund, Eiliv ; Hallmans, Göran ; Ågren, Åsa ; Riboli, Elio. / The effect of occasional smoking on smoking-related cancers : In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). In: Cancer Causes and Control. 2006 ; Vol. 17, No. 10. pp. 1305-1309.
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AU - Sørensen, Mette

AU - Frederiksen, Kirsten

AU - Tjønneland, Anne

AU - Rohrmann, Sabine

AU - Linseisen, Jakob

AU - Bergman, Manuela M.

AU - Boeing, Heiner

AU - Sieri, Sabina

AU - Palli, Domenico

AU - Tumino, Rosario

AU - Sacerdote, Carlotta

AU - Bueno-De-Mesquita, H. Bas

AU - Büchner, Frederike L.

AU - Gram, Inger Torhild

AU - Braaten, Tonje

AU - Lund, Eiliv

AU - Hallmans, Göran

AU - Ågren, Åsa

AU - Riboli, Elio

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