The effect of the association of Gossypol and Lonidamine on the energy metabolism of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells has been investigated. The action of the drug on tumor cells was studied by addition of the drugs to cells harvested from Swiss male mice. The results may be summarized as follows: (1) Low concentrations of Gossypol increase the rate of oxygen consumption by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. High concentrations result in an inhibition of oxygen consumption with a mechanism that must be regarded as not directly related to the uncoupling activity. (2) Gossypol, at concentrations at which it exerts an uncoupling activity, stimulates mitochondrial ATPase which in turn increases the aerobic and anaerobic rates of lactate production. The decrease of glycolysis at high concentrations of Gossypol does not depend on the inhibition of enzymes of the glycolytic pathway, but must be ascribed to cell death. (3) The association of a low concentration of Gossypol with Lonidamine brings about a further inhibition of oxygen consumption. Moreover, Lonidamine abolishes the stimulation of glycolysis induced by Gossypol and lowers lactate production to values that are quite similar to those found with Lonidamine alone. (4) It may be concluded that the association of Gossypol and Lonidamine results in a very effective decrease of the energy requirements of cancer cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Molecular Biology
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine